By Shannon Sullivan Hudson
Montgomery County, Indiana holds a distinct position at the Western spur of Indiana’s Underground Railroad. Indiana’s panorama supplied all of the common formations that allowed runaways traversing the kingdom to hide themselves and to stick to nature’s indicators northward. Montgomery County boasted current footpaths, flat terrains, Sugar Creek that ran northeast to southwest, tree hollows, caves, forests, thickets, ducks flying north, moss transforming into thicker at the north facet of the timber, emerging and environment of the sunlight, and, in fact, the main awesome of nature’s presents, the North celebrity. Abolitionists/Activists smuggled escapees in boats, carriages, stagecoaches, railroad vehicles, fake backside wagons, and skiffs whereas they concealed them in barns, haystacks, corn cribs, drainpipes, barrels, trunks, previous furnishings, coffins, and overturned canoes. Slave songs and spirituals frequently gave instructions, coded messages, and precious feedback for these getting ready to or traveling at the Underground Railroad.
Indiana’s Underground Railroad western spur got here up via areas like Leavenworth, Lawrenceburg, New Albany, and Evansville. looking on situations (patrollers, bounty hunters, weather), conductors routed runaways northward via Vincennes, Terre Haute, Bloomingdale, Alamo, Yountsville, Crawfordsville, Garfield, Darlington, Michigan, and finally to Canada. despite the fact that, those internal workings of our western course have remained shrouded in secret. Historians have advised many purposes for this. those that did settle the following introduced their mystery strategies from the East Coast understanding the best way to hide their events. neighborhood conductors had a better worry for his or her personal security and the protection in their households. The Western part of the nation was once in moderation settled until eventually later within the state’s background. In 1824, Crawfordsville discovered itself remoted being the one city among Terre Haute and citadel Wayne. Conductors concealed or destroyed journals, or selected by no means to maintain them. the full quantity aided to freedom, or the place they stayed in the course of their trip via this region of the country is absolutely not recognized.
Specific information about how the Underground Railroad association started in Montgomery County were misplaced to time. simply because only a few particular written documents exist, a few historians have categorized all neighborhood tales as Montgomery County legends. yet like every legends, the tales had evidence on the middle. whereas historians assumed the site visitors used to be by no means very heavy due to the fact that extra legends haven’t been advised, it could possibly have in its place been an issue of self-preservation with conscientiously guarded secrets and techniques. the only concrete remnants of those legends contain tested houses akin to Crawfordsville’s velocity Cabin, Alamo’s Hiram Powell domestic, and Yountsville’s Abijah O’Neall domestic, the Bethel African Methodist Episcopal Church in Crawfordsville’s Northend, and a few letters preserved by way of descendants.
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Abolitionists on the Underground Railroad: Legends from Montgomery County, Indiana by Shannon Sullivan Hudson